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The making of Forge de Laguiole's blades and other metal components


First we need to make one thing clear, most modern knife manufacturers - including Forge de Laguiole - do not forge blades with a hammer as demonstrated above.

Forge de Laguiole blades are made of T12 steel, either from XC75 (carbon steel), damascus stainless steel or carbon. Produced exclusively for Forge de Laguiole, T12 steel combines durability, rust resistance and ease of sharpening. Forge de Laguiole’s unique methods of forging combined with tempering, give the blade a perfect cutting edge. The steel comes from the Isère region of France and is forged in the village of Laguiole. The first stage is to cut the “skeleton” of the blades before placing them in the induction oven

The first stage is to cut the “skeleton” of the blades before placing them in the induction oven

These are then heated until they are cherry red (to 900/1000ºC for 6 seconds in the induction oven). The blades are then forged using a sledgehammer (300-ton pressure). This gives us the first blades with the shape of the back, the cutting edge and the heel.

The blade is then shaped when cold using an awl (the 'lifetime' of a single awl is between 15-20 000 blades), and stamped with the Forge de Laguiole logo.

After that the blade is cut with a guillotine, using molds and a 60-ton press (the waste material is melted down).

Once the blade is cut it is slightly bent, so before tempering it in oil we straighten it to restructure the metal. To achieve this we heat the blades in a basket (200 blades per basket) to more than 1000ºC for an hour, then immediately drop them in oil to cool them down. Once the blades are cold they are then reheated to 200ºC for annealing. The blades are shaped to give them their V-edge angle using a special machine to grind the blade.

Annealing: The metal is heated to a temperature near fusion point then slowly cooled to give the steel a homogenous structure.  

Tempering: Here the metal is heated to a high temperature then quickly cooled in oil to give a highly resistant, but more brittle steel.

Hardening: Once the steel is tempered we heat it gently to reduce the brittleness, which is how we choose the resistance of the blade.

If it is heated for too long or too quickly, the surface of the steel tends to swell. This has an adverse effect on the cutting quality of the blade.To maintain the surface we have to ensure the line at which the status of the metal changes is only crossed slightly, and for a very short length of time. The difficulty comes when this line changes position (height) depending on the content of the steel. This is why we need to achieve temperatures of around 900º-1000ºC.

Making the bolsters and liners

Bolsters and liners are available in two kinds of steel.
1) T12 steel (forged at high temperature)
2) Brass (forged without heating / cold forged)

The T12 steel bar is heated to 900°-1000°C then forged.

Then the bar is cut off  

and the bolsters cut out

The liners are then pierced and polished before being assembled.

The springs are cut without heating.

The end is heated, then flattened with a press. This gives us the flat part of the spring where the bee will be forged.

The bee and the top part of the spring are then sculpted (the decoration on the spring is known as the guillochage.

Just like for the blades the spring is heated to 1000°C, then tempered in oil and followed by hardening.

Laguiole Repair & Warranty Support

 

Laguiole "Lifetime Warranties" have been abused by many manufacturers for decades. Some of them will honor it but most of them will not unless you are able to contact them in France and show a lot of patience and determination. Laguiole Imports strictly enforces all manufacturer warranties.

IF YOU PURCHASED YOUR ITEM FROM LAGUIOLE IMPORTS

If you are located in the United States we will handle the shipping fees to and from France for your repair or warranty service.In most cases, we will act on your behalf with the manufacturer and handle your claim quickly and efficiently (see details below).

IF YOU PURCHASED YOUR ITEM OVERSEA OR FROM AN OTHER U.S. RETAILER

For all brands except Forge de Laguiole (see tab below) we will not be able to handle your claim. You will need to contact the original retailer and most likely asked to ship your knife or corkscrew to France at your cost. Moreover, the manufacturer will require you to pay for the cost of the return shipping.

Broken chateau laguiole corkscrew

 

Laguiole "Lifetime Warranties" have been abused by many manufacturers for decades. Some of them will honor it but most of them will not unless you are able to contact them in France and show a lot of patience and determination. Laguiole Imports strictly enforces all manufacturer warranties.

IF YOU PURCHASED YOUR ITEM FROM LAGUIOLE IMPORTS

If you are located in the United States we will handle the shipping fees to and from France for your repair or warranty service.In most cases, we will act on your behalf with the manufacturer and handle your claim quickly and efficiently (see details below).

IF YOU PURCHASED YOUR ITEM OVERSEA OR
FROM AN OTHER U.S. RETAILER

For all brands except Forge de Laguiole (see tab below) we will not be able to handle your claim. You will need to contact the original retailer and most likely asked to ship your knife or corkscrew to France at your cost. Moreover, the manufacturer will require you to pay for the cost of the return shipping.

Forge de Laguiole Warranty

Forge de Laguiole offers a lifetime limited warranty against manufacturer defects.

Warranty and repair support are only available for Forge de Laguiole cutlery purchased from a U.S. retailer located within the United States (proof of purchase required).

If the item failure is deemed to be a manufacturer's defect you will not be charged any repair fees. If it was not a manufacturer's defect (i.e. bent foil cutter blade, screw, etc...) you will be informed of the repair cost in advance. Expected turnaround is up to 2 months Please complete the form below to start the process.

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Chateau Laguiole Warranty

 Chateau Laguiole offers a lifetime warranty against manufacturer defects.

If the item failure is deemed to be a manufacturer's defect you will not be charged any repair fees. If it was not a manufacturer's defect (i.e. bent foil cutter blade, screw, etc...) you will be informed of the repair cost in advance. Expected turnaround is up to 8 weeks at this time.  

Warranty and repairs support are only available for Chateau Laguiole purchased from Laguiole-Imports.com.
If your Chateau Laguiole was not purchased from us please contact the original retailer for warranty support.

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Fontenille Pataud Warranty

Fontenille Pataud offers a lifetime limited warrantyagainst manufacturing defects.
Warranty and repairs support are only available for Fontenille Pataud cutlery purchased from Laguiole-Imports.com

If the item failure is deemed to be a manufacturer's defect you will not be charged any repair fees. If it was not a manufacturer's defect (i.e. bent foil cutter blade, screw, etc...) you will be informed of the repair cost in advance. Expected turnaround is up to 2 months Please complete the form below to start the process.

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Max Capdebarthes Warranty

Max Capdebarthes offers a limited warranty against manufacturer defects. Leather sheaths will be repaired or replaced at the discretion of the manufacturer if the sheath is found to be defective.
What is covered: Any product failure due to manufacturer defect. Issues like cuts, punctured leather or obvious signs of negligence are not covered under the warranty. Please contact us with any warranty claims, do not send an item to France directly as it may not be handled correctly.

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Code38 Warranty

Code38 professional wine knives carry a Manufacturer’s international warranty covering any defects in materials or workmanship for the lifetime of the product. This Warranty does not cover fair wear and tear, alteration or unreasonable use. Register your Code38 to be covered by the Lifetime Warranty.

Code38 takes extraordinary measures so your Code38 will give you many years of dependable service. If it doesn't, at our discretion the manufacturer will gladly repair or replace it with one of equal or greater value. This warranty does not cover abuse, alteration, theft, loss, or unauthorised and/or unreasonable use of your Code38 product. This warranty does not cover accessories, engraving, colour finishes, cleaning or sharpening. To obtain warranty service, it must be an approved return, please contact us

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*Disclaimer:The above warranties are offered by the manufacturer, not Laguiole Imports.
Laguiole Imports cannot be held responsible for any issues with the manufacturer related to a warranty claim.